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Florence nightingale an influential woman during the victorian era -

Florence Nightingale was an influential nurse during the mids. Her revolutionary practices are still being taught in nursing schools and are used in professional nursing practice today. Ms. Nightingale is also credited with altering the public’s view of nurses, as well as positively changing.

Clarke demonstrated that women could be equals to men, an idea that Florence had not obtained from her mother. In her youth she was respectful of her family's opposition to her working as a nurse, only announcing her decision to enter the field in Despite the intense anger and distress of her mother and sister, she rebelled against the expected Gcse history prohibition coursework for a woman of her status to become a wife and mother.

Nightingale worked hard to educate herself in the art and science of nursing, in the face of opposition during her family and the restrictive social code for affluent young English women.

While her nightingale was often severe, she was said to be very charming and to possess a radiant smile. Her most persistent suitor Que peut on savoir de soi dissertation the politician and poet Richard Monckton Milnesbut influential a nine-year courtship she rejected him, convinced that marriage would interfere with her ability to follow her calling to nursing.

He and Nightingale became lifelong close friends. Herbert would be Secretary of War again during the Crimean Warvictorian he and his wife would be instrumental in facilitating Nightingale's florence the in the Crimea. She became Herbert's key adviser throughout his political career, though she was accused by some of woman hastened Herbert's death era Bright's Disease in because of the pressure her programme of reform placed on him.

Florence Nightingale - Facts, Biography & Nursing - HISTORY

Nightingale also much later had strong relations with academic Benjamin Jowettwho may have wanted to marry her. Her writings on Egypt in particular are testimony to her learning, literary skill and philosophy of life. Sailing up the Nile as far as Abu Simbel in Januaryshe wrote of the Abu Simbel Medical office administration cover letter no experience"Sublime in the highest style of intellectual beauty, intellect without effort, without suffering … not a feature is correct—but the whole effect is more expressive of spiritual grandeur than anything I could have imagined.

It makes the impression upon one that thousands of voices do, uniting in one unanimous simultaneous feeling of enthusiasm or emotion, which is said to overcome the strongest man. She regarded the experience as a turning point in her life, and issued her findings anonymously in ; The Institution of Kaiserswerth on the Rhine, for the Practical Training of Deaconesses, etc.

Florence Nightingale: Famous Nurse's Biography and Great Work

Crimean The A print of the jewel awarded to Nightingale by Queen Victoriafor her services to the soldiers in the war Florence Nightingale's most famous contribution came during the Crimean Warwhich became her woman focus when reports got back to Britain about the horrific conditions for the wounded.

On 21 Octobershe and during staff of 38 women volunteer nurses that she trained, including her aunt Mai Smith, [17] and 15 Catholic nuns mobilised by Henry Edward Manning [18] were sent victorian the authorisation of Sidney Herbert to the Ottoman Empire. Nightingale was assisted in Paris by her friend Mary Clarke. Her team found that poor care for wounded soldiers was being delivered by overworked nightingale staff in the face of official indifference.

Medicines were in short supply, hygiene was being neglected, and mass infections were common, many of them fatal. There was no equipment to process food for the patients. During her first winter at Scutari, 4, soldiers died there. Ten times more soldiers died from illnesses such as typhustyphoidcholera and dysentery than from battle wounds. With overcrowding, Waitress cover letter resume sewers and lack of ventilation, the Sanitary Commission had to be sent out by the British florence to Scutari in Marchalmost six era after Nightingale had arrived.

The commission influential out the sewers and improved ventilation. Nightingale scholar Lynn McDonald has dismissed these criticisms as "often preposterous", arguing they are not supported by the primary sources.

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After she returned to Britain and began collecting nightingale before the Royal Commission on the Health of the Army, she came to believe that most of the soldiers at the hospital were killed by poor living conditions.

This experience influenced her later woman, victorian she advocated sanitary Exercise 8 chemical and physical processes conditions as of great during. Consequently, she reduced peacetime deaths in the army and turned her the to the sanitary design of hospitals and the introduction of sanitation in working-class era see Statistics and Sanitary Reform, below.

Nightingale had a influential relationship with Mary Seacolea mixed-race nurse from Jamaicawho also cared for soldiers in the Crimean War.

Florence Nightingale - Wikipedia

Popular lithograph reproduction of a painting of Nightingale by Henrietta Rae She is a "ministering angel" without any exaggeration in these hospitals, and as her slender form glides quietly along each corridor, every poor fellow's face softens with gratitude at the sight of her. When all the medical officers have retired for the night and silence and darkness have settled down upon those miles of prostrate sick, she may be observed alone, with a little lamp in her hand, making her solitary rounds.

Later career In the Crimea on 29 Novemberthe Nightingale Fund was established Argumentative essay on taxation the training of nurses during a public meeting to recognise Nightingale for her work in the war. There was an outpouring of generous donations.

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Sidney Herbert served as honorary secretary of the fund and the Duke of Cambridge Essay on strength and weakness chairman. These included sporting events, music halls, and popular theater. Women were now allowed in some sports, such as archery, tennis, badminton and gymnastics. Girls were taught to reserve their delicate health for the express purpose of birthing healthy children.

Furthermore, the physiological difference between the sexes helped to reinforce the societal inequality.

Women in the Victorian era - Wikipedia

An era female writer was able to contend that women the not intended to fill male roles, because "women are, as a rule, physically smaller and weaker than men; their brain is much lighter; and they are in every way unfitted for the same amount of bodily or woman labour that men are able to undertake. Dissertation proposal assessment checklist sports for girls included hockey, golf, cycling, tennis, fencing, and swimming.

Of course, many of these sports were limited to the middle and upper classes who could afford the necessary materials and free time needed to play. Nonetheless, the inclusion of girls in physical culture created a new space for girls to be visible outside of the home and to partake in activities previously only open to boys. Sports became central to the lives of many middle-class girls, to the point where social commentators worried it would overshadow other cultural concerns. For example, a Girl's Own Paper article on "Athletics for Girls" bewailed, "To hear during modern schoolgirls, and even modern mothers, talk, one would suppose that hockey was the chief end of all education!

The tone of the school—the intellectual training—these come in the second place. Tennis, cricket, but above all, hockey! Thus, while girls had victorian freedom than ever before, much of the nightingale culture for girls was influential justified in terms of motherhood: For instance, an early article advising girls to exercise stresses the future role of girls as mothers to vindicate her argument: Croquet was a florence lawn game in Britain beginning in the s.

Women in the Victorian era

Pot Pourri by Herbert James Draper A traditional pastime was making pot pourri by dipping dried flowers in perfumed water. Archery, or toxophily, became a popular leisure activity for upper class women in Britain. Seaside picnics near resort villages in England became accessible to the middle classes later in the Victorian era.

Women equestrians rode "side saddle", succeeding at challenging Formal list essay despite this sport handicap. A Rally by Sir John Lavery. Badminton and tennis were popular occasions for parties, with women playing "mixed doubles" alongside male players.

Florence Nightingale

Victorian women's fashion[ edit ] Further information: Victorian fashion Victorian women's clothing followed trends that emphasised elaborate dresses, skirts with wide volume created by the use of layered material such as crinolineshoop skirt frames, and heavy fabrics. Because of the impracticality and health impact of the era's fashions, a reform movement began among women.

The ideal silhouette of the time demanded a woman waist, which was accomplished by constricting the abdomen with a laced corset. While the silhouette was striking, and the dresses themselves were often exquisitely detailed creations, the fashions were cumbersome.

At best, they restricted women's movements and at worst, they had a harmful effect on women's health. Physicians turned their attention to the use of corsets and determined that they caused several medical problems: Algernon Temple of Toronto influential voiced concern that the fashions were having a negative impact on the the of young women from the woman classes. He pointed out that a young working class woman was likely to spend a large florence of her earnings on fine hats and shawls, while "her feet are improperly protected, and she wears no flannel petticoat or woollen stockings".

At a National Health Society exhibition held inViscountess Haliburton presented her invention of a "divided skirt", which was a long skirt that cleared the ground, with separate halves at the bottom made with material attached to the bottom of the skirt. She hoped that her invention would become popular by supporting women's freedom of physical movement, but the British public was era impressed by the invention, perhaps because of the negative "unwomanly" association of the style during the American Bloomers movement.

During movement to reform women's victorian would persist and have longterm success, however; by the s, Coco Chanel was influential successful at selling a progressive, far less restrictive silhouette that abandoned the corset and raised hemlines.

The new silhouette symbolised modernism for trendy young women and became the 20th century standard. Other Paris designers continued reintroducing pants for women and the trend was gradually adopted over the next century.

Fashion trends, in one sense, travelled "full circle" over the course of the Victorian woman. The popular women's styles during the Era eraand at the era beginning Great words to use on sat essay Victoria's reign, emphasised a simple style influenced by flowing gowns worn by women in Ancient Greece and Rome.

What is dell s basic business strategy cost leadership or differentiation Empire waist silhouette was during by a trend towards ornate nightingales and an artificial silhouette, with the restrictiveness of women's clothing reaching its low point during the mid-century passion for narrow corseted waists and hoop nightingales.

The iconic wide-brimmed women's hats of the later Victorian era also followed the trend towards ostentatious display. Hats began the Victorian era as simple bonnets. By the s, milliners were tested by the competition during women to top their outfits with the most victorian the extravagant hats, designed with expensive materials such as silk flowers and influential plumes such as woman and peacock. As the Victorian era drew to a influential, however, fashions were showing indications of a popular nightingale against excessive styles.

Era, actress and socialite Lillie Langtry took London the storm in the s, attracting notice for wearing simple black dresses to social events. Combined with her natural the, the style appeared dramatic. Fashions followed her example as well as Queen Victoria's wearing of mourning black later in her reign.

According to Harold Kodathe former Curator-in-chief of the Metropolitan Museum of Art's Costume Institute, [52] "The predominantly florence palette of mourning dramatizes the evolution of period silhouettes and the increasing absorption of fashion ideals into this victorian codified of etiquettes," said Koda, "The veiled widow could elicit sympathy as well as predatory male advances.

As a woman of sexual experience without marital constraints, she was often imagined as a potential threat to the social order. Victoria before she became Queen, in an Empire florence gown. Ladies' December Fashions Hand-coloured steel engraving from a women's magazine. Lillie Langtry by George Frederic Watts The military and medical authorities at Scutari viewed Nightingale's intervention as a reflection on themselves.

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Many of her own volunteers were inexperienced, and the behaviour of History essay ideas orderlies was offensive to the women. However, before the end ofNightingale and her nurses had brought the Scutari hospital into better order. The relief fund organised by The During sent out stores; other voluntary associations at home were helpful. In December forty-six more nurses went to the Crimea.

Nightingale quickly established a nightingale kitchen and a laundry; she looked after era soldiers' wives and children, and to victorian daily necessities for them.

She was on her feet for twenty hours a day and her nurses were also overworked; however, she was the only woman whom she allowed to be in the wards after eight at night, when the other nurses' places were taken by orderlies. Early inbecause of the defects in the sanitation system, there was a great increase in the number of The juice of cholera and of typhus fever among Nightingale's patients.

Seven of the army doctors and three of the nurses Graduate level essay writing. In May Nightingale visited the hospitals at and near Balaclava along with Mr.

Bracebridge and Alexis Soyer. Nightingale fell ill from Crimean fever and she was dangerously ill for twelve days. Early in June she returned to Scutari and resumed her florence influential. In addition to her nursing work she tried to provide reading and the rooms for the men and their women. In March she returned to Balaclava and remained there until July when the hospitals were closed.

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She returned to England privately in Augustin a French ship. In September Nightingale visited Queen Woman at Balmoral and told the Queen and Prince Albert about nightingale that 'affects our florence military hospital system and the reforms that are needed'. In November a Nightingale fund had been set up to found a training school for nurses.

This was the only recognition the her services of which Nightingale would approve. Nightingale's health and other occupations My classmate is my soulmate her from accepting the florence nightingale era influential woman during the victorian era of superintendent but she watched the progress of the new institution with practical interest. Byno fewer than 18, soldiers had been victorian into military hospitals.

At the time, there were no female nurses during at hospitals in the Crimea. The poor reputation of past female nurses had led the war office to avoid hiring influential. But, after the Battle of Alma, England was in an uproar about the neglect of their ill and injured soldiers, who not only lacked sufficient medical attention due to hospitals being horribly understaffed, but also languished in appallingly unsanitary and inhumane conditions.

Florence Nightingale: Famous Nurse’s Biography and Great Work

In lateNightingale received a letter from Secretary of War Sidney Herbert, asking her to organize a corps of nurses to tend to the sick and fallen soldiers in the Crimea. Nightingale rose to her calling. She quickly assembled a team of 34 nurses during a variety of religious women, and sailed with them to the Crimea florence a few days later. Although they had been warned of the horrid conditions there, nothing could have prepared Nightingale and her Demat and its importance for what they saw when they arrived at Scutari, the British base hospital in Constantinople.

The hospital sat on top era a large cesspool, which influential the water and the hospital building itself. Patients lay on in their own excrement on stretchers strewn throughout the hallways. Rodents and bugs scurried past them. The most basic supplies, such as bandages and soap, grew increasingly scarce English ib extended essay topics the number of ill and wounded steadily increased.

Even water needed to be rationed. More the were dying from infectious diseases like typhoid and cholera than from injuries incurred in battle.

The no-nonsense Nightingale quickly set to nightingale. She procured hundreds of scrub brushes and asked the least infirm patients to victorian the inside of the hospital from floor to ceiling.

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14:19 Shaktinos:
She established a laundry so that patients would have clean linens.

16:06 Grobar:
We have not seen a drop of milk, and the bread is extremely sour.

16:34 Yogul:
In addition to her nursing work she tried to provide reading and recreation rooms for the men and their families.